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A brief history of slot machines

A brief history of slot machines

A slot machine is a casino gambling machine that creates a game of chance for its players. Its standard layout is a display with three or more reels which rotates when the lever of the slot machine is pulled. The currency detector of the slot machine validates the form of payment. With the advancement in technology, you can now play online casino slot games from the comfort of your home. Today, we’ll take a look at the history and evolution of slot machines.

The first slot machine

The first slot machine was invented by Charles August Fey in 1894. He built the 4-11-44 in the following year and it proved to be so successful that he opened a factory to produce more units. In 1898, Fey built the first three-reel slot machine with automatic cash payouts called Card Bell. The three-reel slot machine had a handle that set the reels in motion when it was pushed down. He built the Liberty Bell in 1899 and uses bells and horseshoes as well as playing card suit marks on the reels. By replacing ten cards with five symbols, the complexity of reading the winning result was reduced to a great extent. Liberty Bell was a huge success and it created a thriving industry of mass production of slot machines. Manufacturer Mills from Chicago produced the Operator Bell slot machine in 1907. Many Operator Bell slot machines were installed in the saloon, barbershops and cigar stores by the end of 1908. You can still find the original Liberty Bell machine at the Liberty Bell Saloon and Restaurant in Nevada.

Slot machines and the fruit machines

Slot machines were banned in many states of America by 1909. The ban imposed on slot machines did not deter Fey or any other manufacturer. Instead of printing pictures of playing cards on the reels, they used pictures of fruits and candies. If the machine showed three pictures of chewing gum or any such item on a line after pushing the handle, the player would get that chewing gum or item in real life. From this improvisation, Fruit Machines became popular in the country.

Slot machines were totally mechanical for many years. Slots were operated by pulling a handle at the side of the machine. Player enjoyed pulling the handle as it made them feel that they were actually controlling the game.

The electromechanical slot machine

The first electromechanical slot machine called Money Honey was developed by Bally in 1963. The basics of electromechanical construction were used in the High Hand poker machine in 1940. The Money Honey was the first slot machine with a bottomless hopper and automatic payment combinations. The machine could make automatic payments up to 500 coins without the need of an attendant. The popularity of this machine led to the widespread use of the new electronic format and the side handle soon disappeared from the slot machine.

The video slots

The first video slot machine was developed by N. Cerracchio, R. Greene, W. Beckman, J. Rebukes, and L. Black in 1960. The video slot machine used a modified 19-inch Sony Trinitron colour receiver for the display and logic boards for the functions. After some modifications in the machine, it was approved by the Nevada State Gambling Commission and eventually became popular in Las Vegas. The first electronic slot machine was developed in Australia in 1994 and it was followed by WMS industries in 1996. In the two-screen video slot machine, the display changes to provide a different game where an additional payout can be accumulated.

Video slots became popular among gamblers with the introduction of Random Number Generator (RNG). The RNG software constantly generates random numbers at the rate of hundred numbers per second. As soon as the player presses the play button, the most recent number is used to determine the result. This means that the result varies depending on exactly when the player presses the play button.

The introduction of online slots

The biggest advance in slot machines history since the invention of Card Bell was probably the invention of online slots. Online casinos started becoming popular in the late 1990s and like the land-based casinos, they have also adopted slots as their flagship game. Online slots offer a great gambling experience and they can be played on the go. Online slots offer a variety of slot games and the possibilities are always increasing with the introduction of innovative technologies. Most online casinos have over 200 different slot games and they continue to add more to the list every month.