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Everything You Need to Know About the Roulette Wheel

Everything You Need to Know About the Roulette Wheel

Roulette is one of the most popular casino games among gamblers around the world. Deceptively simple and yet hard to master, Roulette is a game that reveals added layers of complexity the more you study it. The wheel used in the game is the battlefield which judges the outcome. A slight difference and one number left or right can make you either a winner or loser. It is unthinkable to call yourself a Roulette fan if you don’t know about the physical and mechanical aspects of Roulette. Read on to know some interesting facts about Roulette.

Reinventing the wheel

After Pascal invented the wheel in the 17th century, others reinvented it as the gambling game we know today. During the late 18th century, Roulette was widely played in the gambling parlours of Paris. Roulette means “little wheel” in French and it is believed that the game borrowed some of its dynamics from an old English wheel game called Roly-Poly.

With the double zero, the original form of Roulette played in the Parisian gambling halls was quite similar to the American Roulette that we play today. There is a popular misconception among many gamblers that the single zero game was the original form and the double zero was added by the American casino operators who wanted to increase their profits. But the exact opposite is true. In fact, casino owners Francois and Louis Blanc removed the double zero in 1843 to create the European Roulette variant.

Industrial secrets about Roulette

Over 80% of the world’s Roulette wheels are manufactured in the UK by two leading companies, Cammegh and TCSJohnHuxley. This means that most casinos around the globe use a British made Roulette wheel. Many people think that there are magnets under the wheel and the dealer presses the special button to activate them when gamblers are winning. But there is no magnet used in the making of a modern-day Roulette wheel and the ball has no magnetic material either.

As the design of the bearings allows both the manufacturers to build long-running and friction-free wheels, it is kept secret by them. While manufacturing the wheel, the design must be perfect and scientifically precise. This is very important because a tilt of just one degree can cause bias in the wheel that can permit it to be exploited by gamblers.

Everything You Need to Know About the Roulette Wheel

Move like Jaggers

During the late 18th century, engineer Joseph Jaggers began to place questions on Roulette’s supposed randomness and decided to put it to test. Jaggers hired six clerks and sent them to the Grand Casino Monte Carlo with the task of recording each number that the Roulette wheels generated over a period of weeks.

He then evaluated the data to search for patterns and phenomena that could not be explained by variance. He found that the Roulette wheel used in five casinos produced random results but the sixth had a bias. This tiny bias helped him in earning a huge amount of money.

A computer in the shoe

It is possible to get an edge over the casino in the game of Roulette. Although the calculations are very complex and gamblers must perform them quickly, sometimes you just need a computer in your shoe. In the late 1970s, two students at the University of California decided to find a way to beat Roulette and to fund a scientific community with the winning amount. Some other people also joined the group and they called themselves the Eudaemons.

They purchased a Roulette wheel to study it and eventually derived a formula involving trigonometric functions and four variables. It also included the time of rotation of the Roulette wheel and the period of rotation of the ball around the wheel. The group found that it could predict with a certain amount of certainty a group of eight numbers on which the ball is likely to land. Also, they found that if their calculations were done in fair weather, the arrival of fog would cause the ball to stop half a rotation earlier than it had been expected.

They headed to Las Vegas with tiny computers in their shoes and made 44c for every dollar. Unfortunately, one computer malfunctioned and gave a group of electric shock to one of the members. The group made over $10,000 before hanging up their extremely dangerous shoes and calling it a day. The exact formula used by the group remains unknown to this day.